Energy is the basic requirement for the development and advancement of human civilization. At present bulk of the energy need is being met by fossil fuel which has its associated environmental problems. These problems are becoming serious due to ever-increasing use of the fossil fuels which are not likely to last too long. It obviously necessitates the search for an alternative source of energy for sustainable development.
Nuclear energy offers a viable alternative. In fact, the discovery of nuclear fission in 1939 provided for this possibility of using nuclear energy. Its practicability was well demonstrated by Enrico Fermi through the nuclear pile that he assembled and operated at the University of Chicago in 1942. Since early 1950s the nuclear power has been available in the form of electricity in several countries. At present over four hundred nuclear power reactors have been operating all over the world. In fact, France generates more than 70% of its total requirement of electrical power through nuclear power plants. Japan has more or less a similar programme for the coming decades. With the success of Fast Breeder Reactors as nuclear power plants we have almost an inexhaustible source of energy from the use of Uranium and Thorium. The latter one in India in particular, because of its large deposits, deserves more attention. Nuclear energy is economical, safe and independent of uncertainties of climate and environment and is a clean source of energy.
With the signing of Indo-US nuclear deal the expansion of nuclear power programme in India is obvious. Such a programme will need a large trained manpower in the area of Nuclear Science & Technology. This makes our B.Tech and M.Tech programmmes in Nuclear Science & Technology very useful and attractive to the young engineering students. We foresee much success for these programmes at Amity University.
Today the world is facing acute problem of ’Energy security’ and Global warming. Energy requirement is going to swell several folds by 2050. To meet such a requirement alternative sources of energy like nuclear, solar and wind energy are the only viable possibilities. Solar and wind sources are uncertain for availability and, therefore, nuclear energy remains most dependable alternative.
Nuclear Engineering deals with the application of breakdown of atomic nuclei based on the principle of Nuclear Physics. The important aspects of Nuclear Science and Technology include nuclear fission systems like a nuclear reactor and nuclear power plants, and even nuclear weapons. This field also deserves attention towards nuclear safety, heat transport, nuclear fuel, nuclear waste disposal technology, radioactivity in the environment and applications of radiation and radio-isotopes in nuclear medicine (diagnosis) and radiotherapy.
Indian nuclear industry is poised to take a huge stride in the expansion mode adding about 20 GWe in the next 14 years using pressurized water reactors and fast breeder reactors. In view of the present nuclear deal taking shape between India and United States the policy of supply of fissile material by the cartel of suppliers of nuclear fuel to India is opening up. Various players like L&T, BHEL and NPCIL have already signed or are signing agreements with companies like AREVA and ALSTON for providing technical know-how and construction support required to build nuclear power plants.
Nuclear Science and Technology, a wider version of Nuclear Engineering, is a very fertile area which will offer employment to a large number of technically qualified professionals. Let us avail of this opportunity by getting enrolled at Amity University where highly experienced teachers will groom you to be an excellent professional for Nuclear Industry.
Dr. Alpana Goel
Dy. Director & Head
Amity Institute of Nuclear Science & Technology
Amity University, Noida