On the 18th of January, class VIII students went on an educational trip to IARI, also known as Pusa Institute. The visit started with a speech by DR. J.P Sharma ( Head of Extension Division). He enlightened us about the history of IARI. He told us that it was established in 1905 in Pusa, Bihar near Samastipur. But due to an earthquake it was shifted to Central Delhi. It covers a wide area of 750 hectares. This institute is also called the mother of green revolution. It is a centre for protected cultivation technology.
Its three features are:-
- Extension ( transformation technology)
Multi-farious crops are also grown in this institute campus. Drip
irrigation technology, a system in which water falls drop by drop just at the position of the roots thus saving water and utilizing it 100%, is used to grow crops here.
There are three types of greenhouses to grow crops here:-
- A greenhouse that uses power or electricity to grow tomatoes, capsicum ( contains antioxidant elements), brinjal ( egg plant ), etc. Seedless cucumber is also grown in this greenhouse using parthenocarpy. This cucumber comes from the cucurbitaceae family.
- There is also a greenhouse that doesn’t use power instead uses solar energy to grow crops.
- The third greenhouse uses a mixture of coconut peel ( coconut waste), vermiculate and perilate instead of the mineral rich soil for the germination of seeds which are later transplanted on the fields.
Next, we visited the world of insects. We were taught about entomology, the study of insects in the entomology museum.
There are 0.5 million species collection with 17,500 identified species in the museum. These species are preserved with the help of formalin or alcohol solution. DR. Ramdas Menan is collecting these insects and one of his most spectacular discovery was finding the world’s largest moth, Attacus Atlas.