Author's Guidelines

Manuscript Guidelines


Paper submitted should be an original and unpublished work. Any paper submitted which is identical or substantially similar to research work already published or under review for another publication will not be considered.

A covering letter clearly certifying that the manuscript is original and has neither been published anywhere or is at present being considered for any other publication should accompany the manuscript.


The manuscript should be accompanied by the following:

An abstract of 300 words with five key words. The recommended length of the research article should be between 6000-9000 words. Use single quotes throughout. Spellings of words in quotations should not be changed. Use „nineteenth century‟, „1980s‟. Spell out numbers from one to nine, 10 and above to remain in figures. However, for exact measurements use only figures (3 km, 9 per cent not %). Use thousands and millions (e.g., not lakhs and crores).

Use of italics and diacriticals should be minimized, but used consistently. Avoid excessive use of italics for emphasis, but use italics for book titles, journal names and foreign words. All files should be submitted as MS-Word document.


Author Details

Following details should be given on the Manuscript Title Page:

Full name of each author.

Affiliation of each author, including current designation and affiliation, complete postal address, phone number, fax number (if any) and e-mail address at time the research was completed.

Where more than one author has contributed to the paper, complete details of the corresponding author including the E-mail address.

Brief professional biography of each author (not more than 100 words).

Kindly do not mention the author(s) name, affiliation and any other information inside the manuscript. The affiliated institutions are to be listed directly below the names of the authors. Multiple affiliations should be marked with superscript Arabic numbers, and they should each start on a new line.


Categorize your paper on the Title Page, under one of these classifications:

  • Research paper
  • Viewpoint
  • Conceptual paper
  • Case study
  • Literature review
  • General review
  • Doctoral Dissertations


The heading should follow the APA style. There are 5 heading levels in APA. Regardless of the number of levels, always use the headings in order, beginning with level 1. The example of the format of each level is as follows:

Level Format
1 Centered, Boldface, Uppercase and Lowercase Headings
The paragraph begins below indented like a regular paragraph
2 Left-aligned, Boldface, Uppercase and Lowercase Heading
The paragraph begins below indented like a regular paragraph
3 Indented, boldface, lowercase heading with a period.
Begin body text after the period.
4 Indented, boldface, italicized, lowercase heading with a period. Begin body text after the period.
5 Indented, italicized, lowercase heading with a period. Begin body text after the period.

If the first word can stand alone, the second word should be capitalized. Here are some examples of headings: “A Comparison of UK and India‟s Advertising Self-Regulation Systems”, “The Use and Non-use of e-Print Archives for the Dissemination of Scientific Information”, “A User-Friendly and Extendable Data Distribution System” and “Multi-ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis”.


All manuscripts should be submitted in Word format, with 1.5 line spacing, 12- point font, font type Times New Roman and 1-inch margins on all sides.


Each Figure, Table, or Exhibit should be given on a separate sheet. Figures, Tables and Exhibits are to be separately numbered, titled and attached at the end of the text serially. The position of the Figure, Table, or Exhibit should be indicated in the text on a separate line with the words "Table 1 about here".


All tables should be sequentially numbered with Arabic numerals.If the manuscript includes an appendix with tables, identify them with capital letters and Arabic numerals (e.g. Table A1, Table B2).


The title of the table should be clear, concise and self-explanatory. For e.g., an appropriate title would be “Variables for Studying the Determinants of Employee Satisfaction” instead of “Variables of the Study”When appropriate, you may use the title to explain an abbreviation parenthetically. For e.g., Comparison of Median Income of Adopted Children (AC) v. Foster Children (FC)


Keep the headings clear and brief. Every column in the table should have a column heading


All values should be indicated in million or billion. Numerals should be expressed to a consistent number of decimal places. All the abbreviations and special symbols should be explained. If the table or its data are from another source, the source should be properly


  • Tables should be given on a separate shee
  • The entire table should be single spaced including title, headings and note
  • The table should be referred in the tex The text should explain what the reader should look for when using the table or figure.
  • The tables can be either coloured or black and white.
  • Abbreviations, terminology, probability level values must be consistent across tables and figures in the same article.
  • Likewise, formats, titles, and headings must be consisten Do not repeat the same data in different tables.


  • Tables and graphs should be submitted in their original Word/Excel format
  • PowerPoint slides and screen grabs should be avoided where possible.
  • Number all the figures consecutively with Arabic numerals.
  • Mention all figures in the text.
  • Avoid overuse of special effects like 3D effects, shading and layered text.
  • One-column figures must be between 2 and 3.25 inches wide (5 to 8.45 cm).
  • Two-column figures must be between 4.25 and 6.875 inches wide (10.6 to 17.5 cm).
  • The height of figures should not exceed the top and bottom margins
  • The text in a figure should be in Times New Roman.
  • The font size must be between eight and twelve point.
  • Use circles and squares to distinguish curves on a line graph (at the same font size as the other labels).
  • For figures, include the figure number and a title with a legend and caption.
  • These elements appear below the visual display. For the figure number, type Figure X. Then type the title of the figure in sentence case. Follow the title with a legend that explains the symbols in the figure and a caption that explains the figure For e.g., Figure 1. Corporate Social Responsibility Index. This figure illustrates the corporate social responsibility scores of IT firms in India.
  • Captions serve as a brief, but complete, explanation and as a title. For example, “Figure 4. Population” is insufficient, whereas “Figure 4. Population of Tribal Races, Indian Subcontinent (1980)” is better
  • Graphs should always include a legend that explains the symbols, abbreviations, and terminology used in the figure
  • These terms must be consistent with those used in the text and in other figure
  • The lettering in the legend should be of the same type and size as that used in the figure.


Use of footnotes and endnotes should be minimum.


References should be complete in all respects, with authors‟ surnames arranged alphabetically following conventional citation styles.

Authors are requested to follow the APA style.

APA Reference Examples

Book with one author

Owen, J. (2003). Management Stripped Bare. (1st ed.). India: Kogan Page In text citation: (Owen, 2003) or Owen (2003) explains…..

Book with two authors

Johnston, M. W., & Marshall, G. W. (2009). Sales Force Management (9th ed.).New York: McGraw-Hill Companies. In text citation: (Johnston & Marshall, 2009) or Johnston and Marshall (2009) said… When paraphrasing in text, use and, not &.

Book with three to five authors

Morgan, C. T., King, R. A., Weisz, J. R., & Schopler, J. (1993). Introduction to Psychology (7th ed.). New Delhi: Tata McGraw-Hill In text citation: (Morgan, King, Weisz & Schopler, 1993) then (Morgan et al., 1993) analyze…..

Book or report by a corporate author e.g. organisation, association, government department

UNDP India (2010). Environmental Finance (WWF India 2010) In text citation: (UNDP, 2010). Some group authors may be abbreviated in subsequent citations if they are readily recognizable.

Book chapter in edited book

Lawrence, J. A., & Dodds, A. E. (2003). Goal-Directed Activities and Life- Span Development. In J. Valsiner & K. Connolly (Eds.), Handbook of Developmental Psychology (pp. 517-533). London, England: Sage Publications. In text citation: (Lawrence & Dodds, 2003) or Lawrence and Dodds (2003) found....

Conference paper online

Charumathi, B., & Kota, H.B. (2011, May). What Determines the Corporate Usage of Foreign Exchange Derivatives? – Evidence from India. Paper presented in the Annual International Conference on Qualitative and Quantitative Economics Research, Singapore. Retrieved from of-foreign-exchange-derivatives-evidence-from-India In text citation: (Charumathi & Kota, 2011) or According to Charumathi and Kota (2011)…

Course handout/Lecture notes

Sharma, L. (2013). Lecture 3: ASB205-07A [PowerPoint slides]. Noida, India: Amity University In text citation: (Sharma, 2013)


Amin, S. (Director). (2007). Chak De! India [Motion Picture]. India: Yash Raj Films In text citation: (Amin, 2007)

Journal article – academic/scholarly (electronic version) with DOI

Scott, K.L., Zagenczyk, T. J., Schippers, M., Purvis, R. L., & Cruz, K. S. (2014). Co-worker Exclusion and Employee Outcomes: An Investigation of the Moderating Roles of Perceived Organizational and Social Support. Journal of Management Studies, 51(8), 1235-1363. DOI: 10.1111/joms.12099 (Scott, Zagenczyk, Schippers, Purvis & Cruz, 2014), then subsequently if 3-5 authors (Scott et al., 2014) studied…..

Journal article – academic/scholarly (electronic version) with no DOI

Harrison, B., & Papa, R. (2005). The Development of an Indigenous Knowledge Program in a New Zealand Maori-language Immersion School. Anthropology and Education Quarterly, 36(1), 57-72. Retrieved from ProQuest Education Journals database.

Researchers: Give the URL of the journal homepage. e.g., Retrieved from In text citation: (Harrison & Papa, 2005) or Harrison and Papa (2005) recommend

Journal article - academic/scholarly (print version)

Hossain, M. A. (2008). The Extent of Disclosure in Annual Reports of Banking Companies: The Case of India. European Journal of Scientific Research, 23(4), 659-680. In text citation: (Hossain, 2008) or Hossain (2008) studies…..

Chalmers, K., & Godfrey, J. M. (2004). Reputation Costs: The Impetus for Voluntary Derivative Financial Instruments Reporting. Accounting, Organizations & Society, 29(2), 95-125. In text citation: (Chalmers & Godfrey, 2004) or Chalmers and Godfrey (2004) found…..

Journal article - academic/scholarly (Internet only – no print version)

Hassan, M. S., & Saleh, N. M. (2007). Determinants of Financial Instruments Disclosure Quality Among Listed Firms in Malaysia. Retrieved from on 09.03.2014. In text citation: (Hassan & Saleh, 2007) or Hassan and Saleh (2007) analyze…..

Snell, D., & Hodgetts, D. (n.d.). The Psychology of Heavy Metal Communities and White Supremacy. Te Kura Kete Aronui, 1. Retrieved from For html version only, cite the paragraph number in text In-text citation: (Snell & Hodgetts, n.d.) or Snell and Hodgetts (n.d.) suggest “...” (para. 3)

Magazine article – popular/trade/general interest

Sen, S. (2014, August 17). Why Facebook COO Continues her Love Affair with India. Business Today, 364(1), 19. Full date is used for weekly magazines; month and year for monthly magazines In text citation: (Sen, 2014) or Sen (2014) defends ...

Newspaper article – (Print version)

Das, S. (2015, March 3). Bengaluru-based Molbio Develops India's First Swine Flu Diagnostic Kit . The Economic Times, p. 3. Include p. or pp. before the page number – for newspapers only, not magazines In text citation: (Das, 2015) finds…..

Newspaper article (Database like Newztext Plus) (also see Library referencing webpage for Internet version)

Cumming, G. (2003, April 5). Cough that Shook the World. The New Zealand Herald. Retrieved from Newztext Plus database. In text citation: (Cumming, 2003) opines…..

Newspaper article with no author

Budget 2015 Evokes Mixed Response from Global Rating Agencies. (2015, March 1). The Economic Times, p. 1. Article title comes first. In the text, abbreviate title and use double quotation marks

Personal Communication (letters, telephone conversations, emails, interviews)

No reference list entry as the information is not recoverable (H. Singh, personal communication, March 19, 2014)

Thesis – Institutional or personal webpage

Dewstow, R. A. (2006). Using the Internet to Enhance Teaching at the University of Waikato (Master‟s thesis, University of Waikato, Hamilton, New Zealand).Retrieved from (Dewstow, 2006) or Dewstow (2006) identified ...

Webpages (When multiple webpages are referenced, reference the homepage)

The Education System in India (2011). Retrieved from Author (could be organisation), date (either date of publication or latest update),document title, date retrieved if contents are likely to change, URL (GNU Operating System, 2011)

In text references

Direct quotation – use quotation marks around the quote and include page numbers Chalmers and Godfrey (2000) point out “a high level of non-compliance of derivative disclosure among Australian firms” (p. 165). Alternatively, “a high level of non-compliance of derivative disclosure is prevalent among Australian firms (Chalmers & Godfrey, 2000, p. 165)

Indirect quotation/paraphrasing – no quotation marks

Australian firms show a high level of non-compliance of derivative disclosures (Chalmers & Godfrey, 2000)

Citations from a secondary source

As Hall (1977) asserts, “culture also defines boundaries of different groups” (as cited in Samovar & Porter, 1997, p. 14).


Manuscripts may not have been published previously or be under review with another journal. The author(s) should submit two soft copies of the manuscript in MS Word to Editor-in-Chief, Amity Business Review at, which will be duly acknowledged. Paper submissions can be made any time throughout the year. Submission deadlines: September 15 for December issue and March 15 for June issue.


Amity Business Review (ABR) is a bi-annual blind peer reviewed, refereed research based international journal. Each manuscript is reviewed by four referees. All manuscripts are reviewed as quickly as possible, and an editorial decision is generally reached within 8-10 weeks of submission.

The submitted manuscripts will be assessed by reviewers with domain knowledge of the submission‟s main research area, and by at least one reviewer who comes from a discipline outside the author‟s own field.

All manuscripts are assessed initially by the Editors and only those papers will be sent for outside review that meet the methodological and editorial standards of the journal and fit within the aims and scope of the journal. Manuscripts rejected prior to outside review may be resubmitted accompanied by a letter detailing how the initial reasons for rejection have been overcome.

The reviewers' recommendations determine whether a manuscript will be

  • Accepted
  • Accepted subject to minor changes
  • Accepted subject to resubmission with significant changes
  • Rejected.

For manuscripts which require changes, the same reviewers will be used to ensure that the quality of the revised manuscript is acceptable.

Multiple Authors: In case of multiple authors, the "corresponding author" will be responsible for the collection and provision of the copyright form from each author after acceptance.


Articles, papers or cases submitted for publication should be original and should not be under consideration for any other publication at the same time. Authors submitting articles/papers/cases for publication warrant that the work is not an infringement of any existing copyright, infringement of proprietary right, invasion of privacy, or libel and will indemnify, defend, and hold Amity Business Review (ABR) or sponsor(s) harmless from any damages, expenses, and costs against any breach of such warranty. For ease of dissemination and to ensure proper policing of use, papers/articles/cases and contributions become the legal copyright of the ABR unless otherwise agreed in writing.


Authors must declare all sources of external research funding in their paper and a statement to this effect should appear in the Acknowledgements section. Authors should describe the role of the funder or financial sponsor in the entire research process, from study design to submission.


Contributions, whether published pseudonymously or not, are accepted on the strict understanding that the author is responsible for the accuracy of all opinion, technical comment, factual report, data, figures, illustrations and photographs. Publications does not necessarily imply that these are the opinions of the Editorial Board, Editors or the Publisher, nor does the Board, Editors or Publisher accept any liability for the accuracy of such comment, report and other technical and factual information. The Publisher will, however, strive to ensure that all opinion, comments, reports, data, figures, illustrations and photographs are accurate, insofar as it is within its abilities to do so.


Editorial Board will email the proofs as PDF attachments to only the first (or nominated) author of a multi-authored manuscript. Please correct your proofs within the time period indicated and return your corrected proofs via email. Please make no revisions to the final, edited text, except where the editor has requested clarification.


All reasonable efforts are made to ensure accurate reproduction of text, photographs and illustrations. The Publisher does not accept responsibility for mistakes, be they editorial or typographical, nor for consequences resulting from them. The Publisher reserves the right to edit, abridge or omit material submitted for publication.


Submission fee

There is No submission fee for Amity Business Review (ABR).

Page charges

There are no page charges for Amity Business Review (ABR).

Publication Ethics and Malpractice statement

The prevention of publication malpractice is one of the important responsibilities of the editorial board of Amity Business Review (ISSN: 0972-2343). Any kind of unethical behavior is not acceptable, and the Editorial Board of this journal does not tolerate plagiarism in any form. Authors submitting manuscripts affirm that manuscript contents are original. The duties that have been outlined for the Editor, Authors and the Reviewers are based on the COPE code of Conduct and APA publication ethics. Amity Business review is dedicated to following the best practices on ethical matters, errors and retractions.

Duties of the Editor

  1. Publication Decisions: Based on the review report of the Board of Editors and the Board of reviewers the editor has complete responsibility and authority to accept, reject, or request modifications to the manuscript.
  2. Review of the Manuscripts: Each editor must ensure that each manuscript is initially evaluated by the editor for originality, making use of appropriate software to do so.
  3. Fair Review: The editor must ensure that each manuscript submitted to ABR is reviewed for its intellectual content without regard to sex, gender, race, religion, citizenship, etc. of the authors.
  4. Confidentiality: The editor must ensure that information regarding manuscripts submitted by the authors is kept confidential.
  5. Disclosure and Conflicts of Interest: The editor of this Journal shall not use unpublished materials disclosed in a submitted manuscript for his/her own research without written consent of the author.
  6. Ethical Guidelines: The editor shall ensure that all research material they publish conforms to the internationally accepted ethical guidelines.
  7. Proof of Misconduct: The editor should not reject papers based on suspicions. They should have the proof of misconduct.

Duties of Authors

  1. Publication guidelines: Authors must follow the submission guidelines of ABR.
  2. Original Work: Authors must ensure that they have written entirely original work. Authors must certify that the manuscript has not previously been published elsewhere. (See the checklist).
  3. Multiple Submissions: Authors must certify that the manuscript is not currently being considered for publication elsewhere.(see the checklist).
  4. Authorship of the Paper: All authors mentioned in the paper must have significantly contributed to the research.
  5. Data Access and Retention: Authors should provide raw data related to their manuscript for editorial review and must retain such data.
  6. Authenticity of Data: Authors must identify all sources used in the creation of their manuscript. Authors must state that all data in the paper are real and authentic.

Duties of Reviewers

  1. Confidentiality: Reviewers should keep all information regarding papers confidential and treat them as privileged information.
  2. Acknowledgement of Sources: Reviewers must ensure that authors have acknowledged all the sources of the data used in the research.
  3. Standards of Objectivity: Reviews should be conducted objectively, with no personal criticism of the author.
  4. Supporting Argument: Reviewers should express their views clearly with supporting arguments.
  5. Plagiarism, Fraud and Other Ethical Concerns: Reviewers should let the editor know if you suspect/find that a manuscript is a substantial copy of another work, citing the previous work in as much detail as possible.
  6. Relevant Work: Reviewers should identify relevant published work that has not been cited by the authors.
  7. Promptness: In the event that a reviewer feels it is not possible for him/her to complete review of manuscript within stipulated time then this information must be communicated to the editor, so that the manuscript could be sent to another reviewer

My submission/manuscript has not been previously published, nor is it before another journal for consideration.

I have submitted a covering letter clearly certifying that the manuscript is original and has neither been published anywhere or is at present being considered for any other publication should accompany the manuscript.

My submission file is in Microsoft Word document file format.

I have submitted the abstract of 300 words with five key words.

The recommended length of my manuscript is between 6000-9000 words.

My entire manuscript is having1.5 line spacing, 12- point font, font type Times New Roman and 1-inch margins on all sides.

In my manuscript, the Figures, Tables, or Exhibit have been given on a separate sheet. The Figures, Tables and Exhibits are separately numbered, titled and attached at the end of the text serially.

In my manuscript, all the tables have been sequentially numbered with Arabic numerals.

In my manuscript, all the Tables and graphs have been submitted in their original Word/Excel format.

In my manuscript, the References are complete in all respects, with author's surnames arranged alphabetically following conventional citation styles.